Nursing intervention in alleviating loneliness in elderly homes
Aroh, Solomon; Omobukola, Ayodele; Cabdulle, Nuuney (2016)
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Loneliness is a subjective phenomenon mostly associated with the ageing population. Its Prevalence among elderly residents of nursing homes as well as its related factors had been indicated in previous studies. This study aimed to identify ways of alleviating loneliness among elderly residents in nursing homes through nursing interventions. Electronic literature searches were conducted using CINAHL, EBSCO Host, Sage and Ovid. Ten papers were retained and reviewed. Several interventions that were categorized and subcategorized into group intervention and individual intervention were described as ways of alleviating loneliness among the elderly residents. Interventions such as social engagements (social contact with family, friends children and others, dependency in performing ADLs, community gathering ), psychosocial group rehabilitation, gardening, videoconferencing, coping skills (improving relationships) were described as group oriented interventions while one-to-one intervention (befriending & monitoring, home visiting & telephone support, gatekeeping), reading & gardening, volunteering and lowering expectations were described as individual ways of alleviating loneliness among the elderly residents. Of all the interventions, social contact with family most especially a qualitative consistent relationship with children and grandchildren was the mostly indicated throughout the study. Further research is needed to investigate the appropriateness and the efficacy of these interventions in alleviating loneliness among the elderly residents in nursing homes.